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It is the westernmost point and territory of the United States, along with the Northern Mariana Islands.The capital city of Guam is Hagåtña and the most populous city is Dededo.Guam has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1983. Among its municipalities, Mongmong-Toto-Maite has the highest population density at 3,691 per square mile (1,425/km The indigenous Chamorros settled the island approximately 4,000 years ago.Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, while in the service of Spain, was the first European to visit the island, on March 6, 1521.The inhabitants of Guam are called Guamanians, and they are American citizens by birth.Indigenous Guamanians are the Chamorros, who are related to other Austronesian natives of Eastern Indonesia, the Philippines, and Taiwan. In Oceania, it is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands and the largest island in Micronesia.
Latte stones are stone pillars that are found only in the Mariana Islands; they are a recent development in Pre-Contact Chamorro society.
The islands were part of the Spanish East Indies, and in turn part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, based in Mexico City.
Other reminders of colonial times include the old Governor's Palace in Plaza de España and the Spanish Bridge, both in Hagatña.
While the island's Chamorro culture has indigenous roots, the cultures of both Guam and the Northern Marianas have many similarities with Spanish culture due to three centuries of Spanish rule.
Intermittent warfare lasting from July 23, 1670, until July 1695, plus the typhoons of 16, and in particular the smallpox epidemic of 1688, reduced the Chamorro population from 50,000 to 10,000, finally to less than 5,000.