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Wenceslas has been revered as a saint since the second half of the tenth century and as a patron and protector of the country and a symbol of statehood since the eleventh century.

The ancient chorale "Saint Wenceslas, Ruler of the Czech Land" ( Svatý Václave, vévodo českézemě ) has been a national hymn since the end of the thirteenth century.

Another Czech whose memory is still cherished is Jan Amos Komenský (1592–1670), known outside the country as Comenius.

A religious reformer, Comenius also was a scientist and a founder of modern pedagogy and is referred to as the "teacher of nations." As the bishop of a Czech Protestant denomination, he was forced to go into hiding after 1620, when education fell under the control of the Catholic Church.

Several communities in the United States, Brazil, Mexico, Australia, and elsewhere were named Lidice in memory of the innocent people who lost their lives.

A world-famous fictional character is the "good soldier Švejk" in the novel of that name published between 19 by Jaroslav Hašek (1883–1923).

To honor Saint Wenceslas, in 1848 the large central boulevard in Prague was renamed Wenceslas Square ( Václavskénáměstí ), and in 1913 an equestrian statue memorializing him was erected there.

A monument in Prague's Old Town Square ( Staroměstskénáměstí ) commemorates Jan Hus (John Huss), a religious reformer who was burned as a heretic in Constance (Konstanz) in southern Germany in 1415.

Northern Moravia includes Silesia ( Slezsko ), a historical region that lies mostly in southwestern Poland.The Czech flag consists of a lower red field and an upper white field with a blue wedge reaching from the flagpole side of the flag to its center. The central feature on the small coat of arms is a split-tailed lion wearing a crown.The large coat of arms makes pictorial references to Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia.Several historical personalities have special meaning for Czechs.The earliest is Václav I (Wenceslas I, familiar from the popular Christmas carol), who was killed by the order of his younger brother and successor, Boleslav I, in 929 or 935.

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